A horse vet and PhD student has told delegates at an Australian Veterinary Association (AVA) conference in Melbourne that much of the information animal rights activists use in campaigns opposing horse racing is misleading or wrong.
In her address Horse Racing Myths: What role does research play?, Dr Meredith Flash presented findings from her 2005 Victorian thoroughbred foal crop epidemiology study, which disproves myths spread by animal rights groups about two-year-old racing and horse welfare, un-raced and retired racehorses being sent to slaughter, and low racing participation rates among thoroughbred foal crops.
Dr Flash, who also owns a small equine vet practice, is examining the career profiles of Victorian-born thoroughbred foals, and investigating the risk factors for horses from 2006-16 that had a race day health event, for her University of Melbourne PhD.
Her presentation to the AVA conference discussed how misquoting of a 1995 paper by veterinarian John Bourke led to widespread and erroneous claims that only a small proportion of thoroughbred foal crops race.
Dr Flash’s foal crop study showed most horses trained (74%) and raced (65%), contradicting claims by animal activists that the racing industry is responsible for so-called ‘wastage’ due to over breeding.
Dr Flash also examined how the absence of research on horses retiring from racing has led to false claims from animal rights organisations that most horses retiring from racing were sent to slaughter.
Her study found that horses that raced were re-homed (50%), became Australian Stud Book bloodstock (25%), deceased (14%), other pursuits (9%), or were still racing at the start of their 10- year-old racing season (2%). Most rehomed horses went on to pursuits like eventing, pony club, or pleasure riding.
Dr Flash’s presentation also discussed how ignoring over two decades of research has fed the myth that two-year-old racing is widespread and detrimental to horses.
To demonstrate this, she reviewed how previous research supported findings from her study that horses that start racing at two years of age had longer careers, on average, then horses that started racing at an older age.
Dr Flash’s finding that horses that started racing at three years or older were six times more likely to only race for one season, supports previous research that the risk of retirement deceases with a younger age of first start.
Her research also found that while one-third of the foal crop entered training as two-year-olds, only 13% raced, contradicting RSPCA claims that ‘a large proportion of thoroughbreds start their racing careers as two year olds’ (RSCPA www.kb.rspca.org.au).
“For the horse racing industry to retain its social license, researchers and regulators need to engage with the community by providing clear, unambiguous and accurate information, and correct the wrong and misleading information some groups use in their campaigns.”
“Some activists have even redefined legitimate research terms like ‘wastage’, claiming it is racing industry parlance for unwanted horses, when in in fact it is a veterinary term to describe a loss of productivity. Veterinarians and researchers need to call out this misleading behavior.”
“In this age of social media, echo chambers and post truth, we need to set our emotions aside and look at what the real facts are saying, not what the meme with the cute picture and catchy line wants you to believe.”
Source: Thoroughbred Breeders Victoria